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This discussion paper analyses the impact of rushed investment on labour and migration in Myanmar/Burma, Cambodia and Laos. The paper argues that low wages and labour standards cause many workers to migrate to neighbouring countries, where they suffer further exploitation. This exploitation is often justified by policy-makers and business sectors as “better than the situation in the countries of origin”: workers therefore have no way to escape exploitation at the bottom of the supply chain, whether at home or in destination countries. The report outlines recommendations to improve labour protections and wages for all workers at the bottom of ASEAN.

Data Resources (1)

Data Resource Preview - Bottom of ASEAN: Impact of rushed investment in “Last Frontier” countries- Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos on labour and migration

Additional Info

Field Value
Document type Reports, journal articles, and research papers (including theses and dissertations)
Language of document
  • English
  • Emigration
  • Foreign investors
  • Informal migration for labor
  • Investment
  • Labor
  • Labor rights and labor unions NGOs
  • Migration
Geographic area (spatial range)
  • Indonesia
  • Malaysia
  • Philippines
  • Singapore
  • Thailand
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Cambodia
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Myanmar
  • Viet Nam
Copyright No
Version / Edition 1.0
License unspecified
Author (corporate) Mekong Migration Network
Publisher Mekong Migration Network
Publication date 2014
Pagination 25 p.
Date uploaded May 30, 2015, 04:05 (UTC)
Date modified November 28, 2015, 08:37 (UTC)