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Synergies Among Social Safeguards in FLEGT and REDD+ in Cameroon

This paper presents (i) a comparison of the social safeguards of the FLEGT-VPA and REDD+ processes and an explanation of their commonalities and differences, and (ii) an exploration of the potential synergies and the challenges to realizing them. The three main research methods used in the study were semi-structured interviews, content analysis of policy documents, and focus group discussions with local communities and indigenous peoples in south and east Cameroon. The analysis shows that whereas FLEGT-VPA includes legality-based safeguards with legally binding monitoring and reporting obligations, REDD+ adopts a right-based approach to safeguards. Potential synergies between the two approaches were identified. The synergies lie in the participatory nature of the process of designing benefit sharing mechanisms, strengthening forest and land tenure, and defining the criteria and indicators in FLEGT-VPA and REDD+ safeguards. However, realizing the synergies is challenging, given the existing political economy of Cameroon.

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Additional Info

Field Value
Document type Reports, journal articles, and research papers (including theses and dissertations)
Language of document
  • English
  • Deforestation drivers
  • Forest policy and administration
  • Logging and timber
Geographic area (spatial range)
  • Cambodia
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Myanmar
  • Thailand
  • Viet Nam
Copyright Yes
Access and use constraints

© 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Version / Edition November 2016

No license given


Author: European Forest Institute, Joensuu, Finland. E-mail:, (Y.T. Tegegne). Publisher (Journal)

Co-author (individual) Yitagesu T. Tegegne, Sabaheta Ramcilovic-Suominen, Kalame Fobissie, Ingrid J. Visseren-Hamakers, Marcus Lindner, Markku Kanninen
Publication place Elsevier B.V., Netherland (Journal)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Publication date 2016
Pagination 11
Keywords V4MF,FLEGT,REDD+,voluntary partnership agreement,forest degradation
Date uploaded December 13, 2018, 21:49 (UTC)
Date modified May 24, 2020, 15:05 (UTC)