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Bent Roads: Exploring the Impact of Development Projects in Two Communities in Myanmar

This report outlines the findings from community-based research on gravel extraction and road building in two villages in Win Yay Township, Dooplaya District, which is situated in the Karen National Union-controlled area of Myanmar. At a time when attention is focused on the State Administration Council (SAC) and conflict, this report highlights some of the intersecting challenges facing ethnic nationalities and Indigenous Peoples in Myanmar. In Myanmar, ‘development’ projects like this one have side-lined the voices of local communities, failed to provide meaningful benefits for the affected communities, often worsening the economic sustainability of community livelihoods, and recurrently come hand-in-hand with militarisation. The construction of the road leaves the communities more vulnerable to conflict, as the SAC historically and currently uses road construction to support its military incursions in Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) areas.

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Additional Info

Field Value
Document type Reports, journal articles, and research papers (including theses and dissertations)
Language of document
  • English
  • Burmese
Short title (alternative/varying form of title) Bent Roads
  • Environmental impact assessments
  • Ethnic minorities and indigenous people
  • Major companies and projects
Geographic area (spatial range)
  • Myanmar
  • Kayin
Copyright Yes
Access and use constraints

Copyleft Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA) 2022 This report is published for the benefit of human rights defenders and civil society organisations and may be quoted from or copied so long as the source and authors are acknowledged.

Version / Edition 2022
License GNU Free Documentation License

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Co-author (coorporate) Karen Peace Support Network (KPSN) and the Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA)
Publisher The Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA)
Publication date 2022
Pagination 47
General note

For more information and original source:

Keywords Development Project impact,Karen indigenous,Ethnic minorities,construction project,environmental and socioeconomic impacts
Date uploaded November 27, 2023, 05:06 (UTC)
Date modified December 8, 2023, 09:39 (UTC)